Local Bass Coast habitats

The Bass Coast has habitats that are coastal, wetland, hinterland & bushland. Indigenous plant species have adapted to local environmental conditions. These plants provide vital habitat for birds and many species of wildlife.

The Bass Coast Shire Council’s ‘Native Vegetation List’ includes ‘Local Vegetation Lists’ for each region within the Shire. There are a wide variety of species suited specifically to the Bass Coast environment. The plants listed have adapted to local conditions such as soil type and climate and they require less water. There is no need to import soil or fertilizers.

Our focus is to collect seed from indigenous plants from these habitats & then propagate them to ensure a supply for re-vegetation.

We are licensed to collect seed by:

  • Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (DELWP).
  • Bass Coast Shire Council (BCSC).

Customers

Seeds &/or cuttings are propagated & grown to tubestock plants & then sold to:

  • Government organisations / Shire Councils
  • Landcare Groups
  • Individual landholders
  • Plant nurseries / Landscapers

List of the plants that we propagate

Trees (10m+)
Botanical Name Common Name Plant Features
Acacia dealbata Silver Wattle
Fast growing. Yellow flowers, late winter. Silvery foliage. Good for erosion control.
Acacia mearnsii Black Wattle Fast growing. Pale yellow flowers, spring. Excellent firewood.
Acacia melanoxylon Blackwood Long-lived. Pale yellow flowers, spring. Good shade tree.
Banksia integrifolia Coast Banksia Ornamental shade tree and windbreak. Yellow flower spikes all year.
Eucalyptus obliqua Messmate Dense canopy with stringy bark. Good for honey and hardwood.
Eucalyptus ovata Swamp Gum Bark mostly smooth. Leaves eaten by koalas. Good shade tree for swampy areas.
Eucalyptus pauciflora Snow Gum (Powlett River Form) Attractive white to cream trunk. Provides honey, fuel and assists with erosion control.
Eucalyptus radiata Narrow-leaf Peppermint Low branching tree with dense canopy. Good shade and shelter.
Eucalyptus viminalis ssp. pryoriana Coastal Manna Gum Well-branched tree with dense canopy. Good shade, shelter and windbreak.
Small to Medium Trees (5-10m)
Botanical Name Common Name Plant Features
Allocasuarina littoralis Black Sheoak Ornamental foliage and bark. Male and female flowers on separate plants.
Allocasuarina verticillata Drooping or Coast Sheoak Ornamental weeping foliage. Male and female flowers on separate plants.
Eucalyptus kitsoniana Gippsland Mallee or Bog Gum Gum-barked tree. Attractive mallee form.
Melaleuca ericifolia Swamp Paperbark Masses of cream flowers,spring. Useful in wet garden areas. Very adaptable. Responds well to pruning.
Melaleuca squarrosa Scented Paperbark Profuse scented cream flowers, spring-summer. Moist to wet soils. Responds well to pruning.
Tall Shrubs (2-5m+)
Botanical Name Common Name Plant Features
Acacia longifolia ssp. sophorae Coast Wattle Fast growing. Yellow flowers, spring. Salt-tolerant coloniser.
Acacia paradoxa Hedge Wattle Prickly shrub. Bright yellow flowers, spring. Good screen or windbreak. Refuge for small birds
Acacia stricta Hop Wattle Coloniser. Pale yellow flowers, winter-spring. Good screen.
Acacia verticillata Prickly Moses Prickly, tough plant. Yellow flowers, spring. Refuge for small birds.
Banksia marginata Silver Banksia Yellow flower spikes, autumn. Good screen.
Bursaria spinosa Sweet Bursaria Scented, creamy-white flowers, summer. Spiny branches when young.
Cassinia aculeata Dogwood/Common Cassinia Fast-growing. Crowded, domed flowerheads, summer. Aromatic leaves. Quick screen. Understorey planting.
Coprosma quadrifida Prickly Currant-bush Spiny shrub. Edible red berries. Good refuge for small birds.
Goodia lotifolia Golden Tip Fast-growing. Profuse yellow and red pea flowers, spring. Prune after flowering.
Gynatrix pulchella Hemp Bush Open shrub. Small fragrant flowers, spring. Needs pruning to maintain vigour.
Hakea ulicina Furze Hakea Upright shrub with twisted foliage. White flowers, spring. Good bird habitat.
Leptospermum laevigatum Coast Teatree Attractive white flowers, spring. Front-line coastal planting only. Weedy in other areas
Leptospermum lanigerum Woolly Teatree Young growth silver and hairy. Masses of white flowers, spring. Moist soils.
Leucopogon parviflorus Coast Beard-heath Variable form. Scented, crowded white flowers, spring. Salt tolerant
Melicytus dentatus Tree Violet Masses of tiny cream bell flowers, spring-summer. Well-drained moist soils
Myoporum insulare Boobialla Rounded habit with succulent leaves. White flowers, spring. Fire retardant. Good screen or windbreak.
Olearia lirata Snowy Daisy-bush Soft open shrub. Masses of white flowers, spring. Moist well-drained soil.
Ozothamnus ferrugineus Tree Everlasting Open shrub with narrow shining leaves. White flowers in terminal clusters. Fast-growing. Moist, well-drained soil. Good background plant.
Pomaderris aspera Hazel Pomaderris Slender, leafy shrub. Cream flowers in terminal sprays, spring. Likes moist, rich soil. Interesting bark as plant ages.
Solanum aviculare Kangaroo Apple Soft woody shrub. Large divided leaves. Purple flowers, spring-summer. Orange to scarlet fruit. Heavy prune to rejuvenate.
Viminaria juncea Golden Spray Attractive weeping needle-like foliage. Sprays of yellow pea flowers, summer. Good beside ponds. Tolerates poorly-drained soils.
Low Shrubs (<2m)
Botanical Name Common Name Plant Features
Acacia myrtifolia Myrtle Wattle Compact habit. Yellow flowers, late winter. Tolerates poor soil.
Acacia suaveolens Sweet Wattle Spreading habit. Perfumed cream flowers, winter-spring.
Allocasuarina paludosa Scrub or Swamp Sheoak Compact habit. Grey-green branchlets. Frost tolerant. Bird attracting.
Atriplex cinerea Coast Saltbush Attractive silver-grey foliage. Drought and salt tolerant. Fire retardant.
Bossiaea cinerea Showy Bossiaea Showy yellow and red pea flowers, spring. Tolerates coastal exposure.
Correa alba White Correa Adaptable spreading shrub, tolerates wind and spray. White star flowers, spring-summer.
Goodenia ovata Hop Goodenia Light green foliage. Yellow flowers, spring-summer. Good understorey plant.
Hakea nodosa Yellow Hakea Dense to open habit. Fragrant yellow flowers, winter-spring. Good low screen.
Hibbertia sericea Silky Guinea-flower Foliage covered in silky hairs. Profuse yellow flowers, spring.
Indigofera australis Austral Indigo Showy purple pea flowers, spring. Prune after flowering to maintain vigour. Butterfly attracting.
Leptospermum continentale Prickly Teatree Prickly foliage. Masses of white flowers, spring. Good understorey plant. Bird and butterfly attracting.
Leptospermum myrsinoides Heath Teatree Compact. White or pale pink flowers, spring. Good understorey plant.
Leucophyta brownii Cushion Bush Low rounded shrub with silver foliage. Yellow button flowers, spring-summer.
Olearia axillaris Coast Daisy-bush Cottony-grey bush with tiny yellow flowers, summer-autumn. Soil binder. May be hedged.
Olearia glutinosa Sticky Daisy-bush Showy white to mauve flowers, summer. Sticky foliage. Drought tolerant.
Olearia phlogopappa Dusty Daisy-bush Masses of white flowers, summer. Prune to encourage flowering.
Olearia ramulosa Twiggy Daisy-bush Sprawling shrub with tiny white flowers, spring-summer. Good understorey plant or low screen if pruned.
Ozothamus turbinatus Coast Everlasting Stiff, narrow leaves. Cream flower clusters, autumn. Coastal soil binder. Prune after flowering.
Pomaderris paniculosa Coast Pomaderris Compact shrub with glossy leaves. Small cream flowers, spring. Coastal shrub with reddish new growth.
Pultenea daphnoides Large-leaf Bush-pea Fast-growing. Showy egg and bacon pea flowers, spring. Drought tolerant.
Rhagodia candolleana Seaberry Saltbush Succulent foliage. Flowers spring, followed by red berries, autumn. Used as a screen or hedge. Soil stabiliser.
Herbs / Lilies
Botanical Name Common Name Plant Features
Acaena novae-zelandiae Bidgee Widgee Matting ground cover. Flowers are followed by burrs.
Arthropodium strictum Chocolate Lily Lily with violet, slightly chocolate-scented flowers on long stalks, spring. Plant in drifts for best effect.
Chrysocephalum apiculatum Common Everlasting Spreading herb with grey foliage. Yellow flower buttons, spring. Prune to encourage new growth.
Coronidium scorpioides Button Everlasting Perennial herb with greyish foliage, spreading to form a mat. Yellow everlasting flowers, spring.
Crassula helmsii Swamp Crassula Prostrate spreading herb, rooting at nodes. Excellent beside ponds.
Cycnogeton procerum Water Ribbons Robust amphibious perennial. Erect or floating strappy leaves. Water to 2m deep.
Cynoglossum australe Austral Hound's-Tongue Perennial herb with tiny blue flowers, spring-summer. Seeds sticky.
Dianella brevicaulis Coast Flax-lily Attractive, long-lived perennial lily. Blue flowers and berries. Flower stems shorter than foliage.
Dianella revoluta Black Anther Flax-lily Attractive, long-lived perennial lily. Blue flowers and berries. Flower stems longer than foliage.
Dianella tasmanica Tasman Flax-lily Robust, attractive, long-lived, spreading perennial lily. Tolerant of most conditions once established.
Diplarrena moraea Butterfly Flag Dense tussock-forming iris. White scented flowers. Good accent plant.
Goodenia humilis Swamp Goodenia Spreading herb. Yellow flowers, summer. Moist to wet soil. Ideal for planting around pools.
Gratiola pubescens Glandular Brooklime Prostrate spreading herb. Moist or wet soils but tolerates areas that dry our in summer. Suitable in or beside pool edges.
Lythrum salicaria Purple Loosestrife Large purple flower spikes, spring-summer. Dies back to root stock over winter. Excellent for bog garden or beside pools.
Myriophyllum sp. Milfoil Perennial spreading herb. Foliage feathery. Good habitat in pools.
Ornduffia reniformis Running Marsh-flower Tufted stoloniferous herb. Kidney-shaped leaves. Yellow flowers, spring-summer. Attractive in and around ponds.
Patersonia fragilis Short Purple-flag Tussock-forming perennial iris. Fine blue-green leaves. Purple flowers held within the foliage, spring-summer.
Patersonia occidentalis Long Purple-flag Clumping perennial iris. Purple flowers, spring-summer. Suitable for bog gardens but also tolerates dry conditions.
Pelargonium australe Austral Stork's-bill Soft foliage. Pink flowers with darker markings, spring-summer. Drought tolerant.
Ranunculus inundatus River Buttercup Vigorous perennial herb. Finely divided leaves. Glossy yellow flowers, spring-summer. Good in or beside ponds.
Senecio pinnatifolius Variable Groundsel Variable succulent foliage. Yellow daisy flowers, spring-summer. Butterfly attracting.
Stylidium armeria Triggerplant Pink flower spikes, spring-summer. Plant in drifts for best effect. Drought tolerant once established.
Swainsona lessertiifolia Coast Swainson-pea Sprawling perennial herb. Sprays of purple pea-flowers, spring. Cut back in winter to encourage flowering.
Triglochin striatum Streaked Arrowgrass Slender spreading perennial herb. Tiny flowers on spikes, spring-summer. Wet soil or shallow water.
Viola hederacea Native Violet Spreading perennial herb. Dark green leaves. Single violet flowers. Hardy once established.
Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
Botanical Name Common Name Plant Features
Austrostipa mollis Soft Spear-grass Tall clumping grass, with velvety leaves. A graceful accent plant in the garden. Hard prune after flowering.
Austrostipa sp. Spear-grass Tall, tufted perennial grass with long flowering stems. Hard prune after flowering.
Austrostipa stipoides Coast Spear-grass Rounded, rush-like tussock with prickly leaves. Excellent accent plant.
Baloskion tetraphyllum Tassel Cord-rush Ornamental, bright green, tall feathery tussock. Ideal in or around ponds. Non-invasive.
Baumea rubiginosa Soft Twig-rush Spreading sedge to 1m tall. Butterfly attracting. Good in or around ponds.
Carex appressa Tall Sedge Robust tussock sedge. Butterfly attracting. Used for erosion control. Good in or around ponds. Provides habitat.
Eleocharis sphacelata Tall Spike-rush Robust aquatic sedge. Excellent habitat for frogs, waterbirds and native fish.
Ficinia nodosa Nobby Club-sedge Tufted perennial sedge to 1m high. Globular flower heads. Soil binder. Accent plant.
Gahnia sieberiana Red-fruit Saw-sedge Tussock sedge 2-3m tall. Shining red nuts afer flowering. Prefers moist soil but will tolerate dryness. Butterfly food plant.
Juncus amabilis Hollow-rush Tufted perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus holoschoenus Jointed Rush Clumping perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus pallidus Pale Rush Robust tufted perennial rush to 2m tall. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus sarophorus Broom Rush Tufted perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus sp. Rush Tufted perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus subsecundus Finger Rush Tufted perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape or seasonally dry soils.
Lomandra longifolia Spiny-headed Mat-rush Dense tussock to 1m. Grows well under established trees. Accent plant.
Microlaena stipoides Weeping Grass Variable perennial grass with graceful arching stems. Good lawn grass for shady sites.
Phragmites australis Common Reed Fast-growing reed. Fluffy flower spikes. Provides food and nesting for waterbirds. Keep contained.
Poa labillardierei Common Tussock-grass Large dense tussock. Flowering stems exceed leaves. Landscape accent plant. Bird and butterfly attracting.
Poa poiformis Coastal Tussock-grass Large dense tussock. Flowering stems equal to leaves. Bird and butterfly attracting. Salt spray tolerant.
Rytidosperma caespitosum Common Wallaby-grass Perennial grass to 1+m tall. Small, fluffy flowerhead. Bird and butterfly attracting. Excellent used in natural landscaping.
Rytidosperma geniculatum Kneed Wallaby-grass Perennial grass to 40cm tall. Small, fluffy flowerhead. Bird and butterfly attracting. Beautiful grass for gardens.
Rytidosperma setaceum Bristly Wallaby-grass Perennial grass to 70 cm tall. Small, fluffy flowerhead. Bird and butterfly attracting. Can be used as a native lawn.
Rytidosperma sp. Wallaby-grass Perennial grass. Small, fluffy flowerhead. Bird and butterfly attracting. Excellent used in natural landscaping.
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani River Club Rush Robust perennial sedge. Flowering panicle, summer. Wet soil or shallow water. Waterbird habitat.
Themeda triandra Kangaroo Grass Sprawling perennial tussock. Leaves bluish-green. Attractive golden-brown flowerheads, spring-summer. Attractive used in landscaping or mass planted.
Creepers / Vines
Botanical Name Common Name Plant Features
Bossiaea prostrata Creeping Bossiaea Spreading ground cover. Yellow and red pea flowers, spring. Good understorey plant. Currently not available
Carpobrotus rossii Pigface Spreading succulent perennial. Large purple flowers open on sunny days. Good soil binder.
Centella cordifolia Swamp Pennywort Matting herb. Scalloped leaves. Moist to wet soils. Grows well around pools.
Clematis aristata Mountain Clematis Vigorous vine with creamy star flowers, spring. Attractive feathery seed heads persist.
Clematis microphylla Small Leaf Clematis Variable trailer or climber. Star flowers, summer. Attractive feathery seed heads persist.
Dichondra repens Kidney Weed Prostrate spreading herb, rooting at nodes. Kidney-shaped leaves. Alternative to lawn in light traffic areas.
Disphyma crassifolium Rounded Noon-flower Spreading ground cover. Magenta daisy-like flowers, spring-summer. Salt tolerant.
Glycine clandestina Climbing Glycine Open twining plant, usually only noticed when flowering. Sprays of mauve pea flowers, spring.
Kennedia prostrata Running Postman Matting ground cover. Red pea flowers, spring-summer.Drought tolerant.
Lobelia anceps Angled Lobelia Matting ground cover. Small fan-shaped pale blue flowers, most of year. Seasonally moist soils,
Pandorea pandorana Wonga Vine Vigorous climber. Showy, creamy-white tubular flowers with maroon markings, spring.
Tetragonia implexicoma Bower spinach Succulent, scrambling perennial subshrub. Yellow flowers, spring-summer. Sand stabiliser.
Aquatic / Wetland
Botanical Name Common Name Plant Features
Baloskion tetraphyllum Tassel Cord-rush Ornamental, bright green, tall feathery tussock. Ideal in or around ponds. Non-invasive.
Baumea rubiginosa Soft Twig-rush Spreading sedge to 1m tall. Butterfly attracting. Good in or around ponds.
Carex appressa Tall Sedge Robust tussock sedge. Butterfly attracting. Used for erosion control. Good in or around ponds. Provides habitat.
Centella cordifolia Swamp Pennywort Matting herb. Scalloped leaves. Moist to wet soils. Grows well around pools.
Crassula helmsii Swamp Crassula Prostrate spreading herb, rooting at nodes. Excellent beside ponds.
Cycnogeton procerum Water Ribbons Robust amphibious perennial. Erect or floating strappy leaves. Water to 2m deep.
Eleocharis sphacelata Tall Spike-rush Robust aquatic sedge. Excellent habitat for frogs, waterbirds and native fish.
Goodenia humilis Swamp Goodenia Spreading herb. Yellow flowers, summer. Moist to wet soil. Ideal for planting around pools.
Gratiola pubescens Glandular Brooklime Prostrate spreading herb. Moist or wet soils but tolerates areas that dry our in summer. Suitable in or beside pool edges.
Juncus amabilis Hollow-rush Tufted perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus holoschoenus Jointed Rush Clumping perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus pallidus Pale Rush Robust tufted perennial rush to 2m tall. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus sarophorus Broom Rush Tufted perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus sp. Rush Tufted perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape.
Juncus subsecundus Finger Rush Tufted perennial rush. Bird, lizard and frog habitat. Good in wet landscape or seasonally dry soils.
Lythrum salicaria Purple Loosestrife Large purple flower spikes, spring-summer. Dies back to root stock over winter. Excellent for bog garden or beside pools.
Myriophyllum sp. Milfoil Perennial spreading herb. Foliage feathery. Good habitat in pools.
Ornduffia reniformis Running Marsh-flower Tufted stoloniferous herb. Kidney-shaped leaves. Yellow flowers, spring-summer. Attractive in and around ponds.
Persicaria decipiens Slender Knotweed Perennial herb, leaves stems sometimes red. Bright pink flowers on spikes. Seeds provide food for waterbirds.
Phragmites australis Common Reed Fast-growing reed. Fluffy flower spikes. Provides food and nesting for waterbirds. Keep contained.
Ranunculus inundatus River Buttercup Vigorous perennial herb. Finely divided leaves. Glossy yellow flowers, spring-summer. Good in or beside ponds.
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani River Club Rush Robust perennial sedge. Flowering panicle, summer. Wet soil or shallow water. Waterbird habitat.
Triglochin striatum Streaked Arrowgrass Slender spreading perennial herb. Tiny flowers on spikes, spring-summer. Wet soil or shallow water.
Plant Fact Sheets

Download a PDF version of our Plant List.


Fire resistant & retardant plants

Intended as a guide only, view our list of plants that have been found to provide some degree of protection during bushfires.


Most of the species information has been referenced from the book by Bull, M. Flora of Melbourne 4th Edn, Hyland House, 2014.